Parks Dinarides - a network of protected areas of the Dinarides organized a round table on "Foreign and invasive plant species in the territory of Montenegro." The event was realized within the project "Determining the census on the presence and distribution of invasive plant species on the territory of Montenegro", which was implemented by Parks Dinarides and started in December 2020. The project lasted 6 months and as one of the main results of the project presented at this event is the Report on foreign and invasive plant species in Montenegro.
The event brought together representatives of relevant institutions in the field of nature protection, representatives of protected areas as well as representatives of municipalities in Montenegro, experts in the field of invasive species and representatives of the civil sector.
Tamara Brajović – General director of the Directorate for Nature of the Ministry of Ecology, Spatial Planning and Urbanism spoke about the current activities of this institution when it comes to foreign and invasive species in Montenegro. She pointed out the problem that these species cause and that in the coming period, the measures defined in the Law on Foreign and Invasive Species of Plants, Animals and Fungi, which entered into force on March 1, 2021, will be adequately implemented. She also announced the formation of a team of experts who will be engaged in the implementation of these measures.
Zoran Mrdak - President of the Parks Dinarides Association pointed out that foreign and invasive species are a global problem and that the damage they cause annually in the European Union, according to previous research, amounts to approximately 12 billion euros. Mrdak pointed out that invasive species are a complex problem that has become more pronounced in Montenegro in recent years and stressed that cross-sectoral cooperation is very important in solving this problem, as well as cooperation of various stakeholders, national / local governments and the population. He pointed out that this project, given its short duration and approved funds, gave a certain contribution in solving this problem on the territory of Montenegro.
Marija Popović - project coordinator presented the goals and results of the project and pointed out that the Report as one of the results represents a significant set of data that can serve as a contribution to the adoption of the List of Foreign and Invasive Species and as a contribution to the future Action Plan. e She explained that the methodology of the work included desktop research and data collection from all available professional and published papers as well as other existing literature and spatial planning documentation relevant to this topic. She emphasized that the Report also includes data and results of previously conducted field research and pointed out that through various chapters it gives a clear overview of this issue, as well as the List of foreign and invasive foreign plant species present in the territory of Montenegro. Popović pointed out that through this project, a social campaign was launched, which aimed to inform the general public about foreign and invasive plant species.
Anela Sijarić - Head of the Department for Freshwater and Terrestrial Ecosystems of the Directorate for Nature in the Ministry of Ecology, Spatial Planning and Urbanism presented the Legal Framework on Foreign and Invasive Species of Plants, Animals and Fungi in Montenegro and the documents committing Montenegro to organize and implement measures to solve problems created by foreign and invasive species in Montenegro. Sijarić pointed out that the results achieved by Parks Dinarides through this project will be a significant contribution during the formation of the List of foreign and Invasive Species on the territory of Montenegro.
Bojana Mijović, expert associate in the preparation of the Report on Foreign and Invasive Species, presented in detail the activities of the Parks Dinarides in the preparation of the Report, which aims to point out the problem that foreign and invasive plant species leave or can affect the ecosystem and human health. She presented some of the most invasive plant species that are present in the territory of Montenegro and pointed out the damage and consequences that these species cause, as well as the need to urgently make a plan for their removal. She presented concrete proposals and recommendations that could be taken in the future to solve the problems caused by foreign and invasive plant species in the territory of Montenegro.
Zorka Prljević, Assistant Director of the Sector for Phytosanitary Affairs of the Directorate for Food Safety, Veterinary and Phytosanitary Affairs, presented the activities of this institution against the introduction and spread of foreign and invasive species as well as their control in Montenegro. She pointed out that in 2012 a "pioneering" program was designed and implemented in Montenegro with the aim of recording and mapping areas where allergen plant Ambrosia artemisifolia is present, and indicated that this program was designed as part of the annual program. She pointed out that in 2013, the Rulebook on phytosanitary measures for the control and removal of this plant was published, which was controlled and removed by implementing phytosanitary measures determined by this rulebook. She also pointed out the international cooperation and activities of this institution in plant protection in Montenegro.
The event was attended by experts from the region through the Zoom platform, who spoke on the topic of foreign and invasive plant species, and presented some of the activities carried out in the field of this problem.
Tatjana Masten Milek, director of the Public Institution Green Ring of Zagreb County (Croatia) presented a list of foreign and invasive foreign plant species. Mastek Milek also presented the regionally important SavaTIES project, which was implemented in four countries and involved partners. The main goals of this project, as she pointed out, were to find a solution for the permanent eradication of foreign and invasive foreign species. She pointed out that invasive species cause great damage in the Sava River Basin and that as part of the project, various methods of efficient removal and eradication of invasive species from this area were tested. She hinted that this was the first attempt to address this challenging issue at the translational level of the corridor in the region, with lessons learned that bring benefits to the Danube region and beyond.
Sonja Rozman, advisor for nature protection on behalf of the Institute for Nature Protection of the Republic of Slovenia presented the Action Plan for the control of invasive foreign plants in Tivoli Park, Rožnik and Šišenski hrib, which was prepared within the five-year Life ARTEMIS project. Rozman also presented the activities carried out within this project and presented the data and results obtained in this research area. She pointed out that the main goal of this project was to contribute to reducing the negative impacts of invasive plant species on biodiversity through increased public awareness and the establishment of an effective early warning and response system for foreign species in the forest area.
The project "Determining the census on the presence and distribution of invasive plant species" is being implemented by Parks Dinarides through a competition for determining the List of foreign and invasive species, supported by the Ministry of Ecology, Spatial Planning and Urbanism.