138 km2


Kopaonik National Park is located in the central part of the Republic of Serbia, between the rivers Ibra and Sitnica in the west, Laba in the southeast, Jošanica and Koznica rivers in the north, while the eastern side is bounded by the valley of the Rasina and Toplica rivers. Lisinska river on the western side, Duboka and Brzećka rivers on the eastern side, and Ciganska and Gobeljska rivers on the northern side. Together with the Samokovska River, the central water artery of Kopaonik, they influence the spread of flora and fauna and mark Kopaonik.


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Due to its natural values, in 1981 Kopaonik was declared a national park. It covers an area of 11,810 hectares and, in terms of the number of endemic species, represents one of the most significant biodiversity centers of the endemic flora of Serbia.


Kopaonik is characterized by a diverse geological structure with rocks of different origin and age (serpentinites, granites, slates, marbles, andesites, limestones). Ore riches gave the name Kopaonik, where ore has been mined since ancient times. Volcanic activity and hot mineral melts caused changes in the rocks due to high temperatures and strong pressures. This is how the “Kopaonicka mining area” was created with a large number of mines where you can find iron, lead and zinc ores as well as rare metals silver and gold and rare minerals: wollastonite, fluorite and asbestos. Kopaonik is not the source of large rivers due to relatively low annual rainfall, but that is why there is a dense network of small surface streams originating from numerous sources from the entire surface of this mountain, some of which have cold water, some of which are medicinal with increased radioactivity and water mineralization. The most famous sources on Kopaonik are: Marine vode, Krčmar voda, Pajino preslo, Javor cesma, Kaznovske bachie. On the course of the Samokovska river, the largest water artery of Kopaonik, small waterfalls and beech trees are formed, while on the Zaplaninska river, the multi-level Jelovarnik waterfall with a length of 80 meters is formed. Kopaonik is known for its interesting hydrological phenomena “tremes” and “pistevinas”. “Tresave” are created as a result of the large evaporation of many streams and ponds and are over 1000 years old. The biggest “tresava” on Kopaonik is Jankova Bara. “Pištevines” are natural sod grass “cloaks” in which water is retained. In the area of Kopaonik there are also several Urvin lakes. The largest is Semeteško lake, which is located at 900 m above sea level in the atar of the village of Semeteš, below the Orlovac mountain. Semetesko lake is circular in shape, 60m in diameter. It gets its water from underwater sources, and to a lesser extent from two sources above the lake. Underwater sources are responsible for the fact that it is practically impossible to measure the depth of the lake, because they are so deep and wide that they practically represent a part of the lake. The average water temperature is 10°C, while in July and August it reaches 20°C. On the lake, the so-called “floating islands” with vegetation. When the wind blows, the islands move around the lake, which is an attraction for visitors to the lake (driving on the lake). The lake is stocked with carp, and the “natives” are newts (Salamandra salamandra) – a species of tailed amphibians from the Salamander family with poorly developed legs, better known as salamanders. South-west of Jošanička spa there are two more Urvina lakes: Gornje (Long) and Donje (Small) lake. The most famous spas in this area are: Jošanička spa (t° 78°C), Lukovska banja (t°36°-56°C) and Kuršumlijska spa (t° 38°-56°C), whose waters have extremely healing properties. Favorable climatic conditions, diverse geological base, thick snow cover have influenced the development of extremely rich and diverse plant and animal life, so that Kopaonik has become a real center for research in science and practice.
The animal world of Kopaonik is quite diverse and has changed considerably since the time when Josif Pančić did research on Kopaonik (100 years ago). In the 19th century, there were bears, lynxes, chamois, grouse, martens, otters on Kopaonik… Until today, there are no more of these animal species on Kopaonik. They survived and live there: wolf, wild boar, roe deer, fox, rabbit, weasel, ferret… Among the natural rarities (under protection), the remaining ones are: the bald eagle (Aquila chrysaetos), the peregrine falcon (Falco peregrinus), the forest owl (Strich aluco), mountain lark (Eremophila alpestris), crossbill (Loxia curvirostra), gray downy Dryomys nitedula), bulrush (Bubo bubo), wild cat (Felis silvestris), viviparous lizard (Lacerta vivipara). The most numerous surviving animal species on Kopaonik are birds. Ornithologist Sergej Matvejev, in his long-term research on the birds of Kopaonik, established that the number of bird species has increased in the last 100 years. Today, there are a total of 148 different species of birds on this mountain! The Siberian grasshopper lives on the cold and high parts of the mountain. Brook trout lives in clear mountain waters and rapids.


The biggest attraction of Kopaonik is represented by natural monuments:
Geomorphological monuments – stone granite figures: Fox rock, Paja’s grave, Suvi vrh, Jankov breg, Baba’s grave, Visoki deo, Karaman – Vučak.
Geomorphological monuments – traces of Pleistocene glaciation: Cirk Krčmar, Cirk Široki do, Cirk Velika Gobelja.
Geological monuments: Velika stena, Velika Šiljača, Jelica, Žljeb, Gvozdac and Oštri krs.
Hydrological monuments – springs and hot springs: Vrelo Duboko, Gvozdac Geyser, Marina Voda spring, Krčmar spring, Barska Rijeka waterfall – Jelovarnik waterfall, Semeteško lake
Hydrological monuments – strictly protected watercourses of the basins: Samokovska river, Gobeljska river, Barska river, Brzeka river, Duboka river.


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Due to the favorable climate, the number of sunny days a year and the geomorphological diversity, Kopaonik is extremely suitable for the development of both summer and winter tourism. A tourist center with a system of cable cars and ski fields for alpine and Nordic skiing was built within the National Park.


The part of Kopaonik where hotels, apartments and resorts are located can be reached from two directions, the eastern via Brus and the western via Jošanička spa. If you use the eastern direction and travel from Belgrade, which is about 400 km away, you can get there in four hours, while traveling from the other direction takes an hour longer.
The eastern approach to Kopaonik is more inaccessible, especially because of the Jaram Pass, where, when the weather is bad, because there are high debris in winter, so during blizzards and strong winds, most drivers opt for the route via Jošanička spa.


Kopaonik: Naselje Suvo Rudište
Raška: Miluna Ivanovića 10
Kopaonik 36354, Srbija

Telefon: +381 (36) 5471 011, 5471 229 i 737 703
Faks: +381 (36) 5471 098, 737 703


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