It is located in the southernmost part of the Ljubljana basin, in the central part of Slovenia. The protected area covers an area of 13,505 hectares.
Ljubljana Marshes has been recognized only in the last few decades as an area of exceptional natural and cultural heritage. It belongs to the European list of protected areas Natura 2000. In 2008 it was declared a natural park, whose main task is the preservation of natural values as well as biodiversity and landscape diversity of the Ljubljana Marshes. From 2011 it is on the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites.
Ljubljana Marshes is a unique network of wide green landscape, where the green areas merge with the sky and the river Ljubljanica, which throughout the history has largely contributed to the appearance and character of that place. It represents less than one percent of Slovenian territory, but it is one of the most important natural protected areas in Slovenia, as it includes the largest complex of wetland habitats in the country. The area is known for its rich biodiversity, which is the result of specific practices of cultivation of that region. It is simply unbelievable that the biodiversity of the Ljubljana Marshes remained so well preserved, given the many centuries of attempts, starting from the Roman period, to the middle of the last century, that this area gets drained, dried and converted into agricultural land. Most of the protected plant and animal species depends directly on the preservation of wetlands eco-systems of Ljubljana Marshes. In this area there are more than half of the bird species in Slovenia. The population of butterflies is also numerous.
This area represents a rarity in Europe, given that due to intensive agricultural industry and urbanization, 70% of European wetlands disappeared. Numerous archaeological sites, testify that this area was inhabited since the earliest times. Exactly the residues of the settlements – dwelling houses, of which the oldest re from the Central Stone Age – Mesolithic Age, 5000 BC, and the “youngest” of Bronze Age, 1000 BC, are the reason why this area was on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Archaeologists have found in this area more than 10 000 artefacts from different historical periods. The most important archaeological find is the oldest wooden wheel in the world, dating back to between 3350 and 3100 BC.
Visitors are offered carriage rides, boat rides, and educational walking trails, some of which are Draga, Draga, Jurčevo šotišče, Kuclerjev kamnolom, Mali Plac. Among the tourists, especially is popular ride in the balloons with baskets.
Ljubljana Marshes is located in the vicinity of the capital of Slovenia, Ljubljana, from which it is ten kilometres away.