The protected area is located on the north-eastern slopes of the Canton of Sarajevo, near plateau of Nišići. It spreads over 497 hectares, and consists of three protection zones. The first protection zone has 137, the second 308 and the third 52 hectares.
The area Bijambare was proclaimed by law, in 2003, as protected area of the fifth grade – “protected landscape”. It belongs to the Cantonal Public Institution for Protected Natural Areas of the Canton of Sarajevo, founded in 2010 in order to preserve landscapes, scientific research, environmental education and education, as well as recreation and tourism.
It is traditionaly highly valued because of its natural beauty and richness. At an average altitude of 950 meters there is a thick evergreen forest with various pine trees, which is abundant in fresh air. There are also beautiful meadows crossed by two creaks that form small lakes which sink underground, into karstified limestone rock base. The undulating mountain meadows spread to the west and north, and to the south and east large and thick forests. The area is characterized by great biological diversity. There were identified 133 different living communities, and their structure consists of more than 800 species of plants. It is particularly rich in species that belong to the group of medical flora – medicinal, edible, aromatic and vitamin plants. Different melliferous plants are also represented. There are also numerous representatives of fauna, mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, molluscs, insects and other groups of animals at a lower level of development. Because of the karst region, this area is rich in karst phenomena such as karstic depressions, sinkholes and caves. However, Bijambare are best known for the caves.
In the area of Bijambare there are 8 caves. In Gornja cave traces of human presence, tools and weapons from the Stone Age, which are placed at the Zemaljski (Earth) Museum in Sarajevo. Of all these caves only Srednja Bijambarska cave is arranged, lit and open for visitor. It is approximately 500 meters long and consists of four halls that are rich in cave decorations. In the fourth hall, which is the largest one, there are numerous stalactites, as well as vault covered with jewels. In respect of the ornaments, which are varied in shape and size, this cave hall is one of the most beautiful in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Near the cave is also the brook Bradić with a lake and a mill, and the brook Bjelila, which intersects Bijambare forests and glades.
Area of Bijambare, with Bijambare cave, is a true pleasure for lovers of caves, clear waters, pine forests and forest silence. It is equipped with mountain movables for stay in the countryside, relaxation and rest for the whole family, and a playground for children (Drveni grad – Wooden City). It has bicycle, education and forest trails. Attraction is also a tourist train that runs from the entrance to the center of the nucleus.
Good accessibility of this area, due to favourable position, only 2 km from the regional close to the main road Sarajevo-Tuzla, makes it even more attractive for tourists. It is 40 km far from the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sarajevo.
Cantonal Institution for Protected and Natural Areas
Branilaca Sarajeva 28/1, 71000 Sarajevo
Expert associate for the protection of nature and communicate with local people and visitors of the Nature Monument “Skakavac” Protected Landscape “Bijambare”
Harita Čolaković, Forestry Engineer