Trebević is a mountain in south-eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina. It is located southeast of Sarajevo, with its highest peak of 1,627 meters. With the “mahala” (neighbourhoods) of Sarajevo on its slopes, it represents a unique harmony of urban and natural. The protected area, which covers 400.20 hectares, is divided into three zones. The first zone, or nucleus, which is the zone of strict protection, covers 55.40 ha, other (puffer) 294 ha, and the third one, so-called transition zone, 50.80 hectares.
Great natural diversity in the immediate vicinity of the city, made it possible that Trebević, since 1954, has a certain character of legal protection in the category park – forest. In 2014 the protection of the area of Trebević and of its natural values is established by the law. It belongs to the Cantonal Public Institution for Protected Natural Areas of Sarajevo Canton.
In the area of Trebević there is a characteristic vegetation of the Dinarides where prevail beech, downy oak, hornbeam, fir and spruce forests. Within the forest there is a community of Serbian spruce. In this area, there were 99 plant species and 14 species of mushrooms. Three of the plant species are on the Red List of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Serbian spruce, early-purple orchid and pincushion flowers. When it comes to mushrooms on the Red List is Mushroom on the Red List is Caesar’s mushroom. The area of Trebević is inhabited by different types of larger and smaller mammals. On the Red List of endangered species of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina are the white-breasted hedgehog, wolf and brown bear. Fox, deer, rabbit and badger should also be mentioned. The area of Trebević has extremely rich bird life. Dense and mixed forests, as well as the availability of water and food, make it ideal for the settling of many species. It was registered 26 species of birds. When it comes to reptiles, on the Red List is Bosnian wiper – vipera berus. Population of the viper is numerous, which is especially developed in rocky areas and in the rock creeps. In Trebević were also observed lizards – green lizard and wall lizard.
The exact origin of the name of the mountain Trebevic is not known, but it is assumed that the area of the mountain was once an altar dedicated to one of the Slavic gods, probably Perun, and thus remained the word “Trebevište” (from verb “trijebiti” – eliminate ). However, there are indications that the ritual of sacrifice occurred back in Illyrian times when they sacrificed animals in numerous sinkholes near the top of the mountain. The slopes of this mountain once were inhabited by the Illyrians, who founded the settlement nowadays known as Debelo Brdo.
Since ancient times Trebević has represented the main excursion site of the inhabitants of Sarajevo. The favourable geographical position, altitude, mild climate and natural beauty are instilled in the hearts of nature lovers, since the days of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, which recognized the potential of the area and turned it into the excursion site. The trend of development of Trebević continued until World War II when it suddenly stopped. After the war the renovation of existing and construction of new tourist facilities began. For an easy access, a cableway from the centre of Sarajevo to the space Vidikovac is built. New pedestrian paths and mountain lodges and resorts are constructed.
Trebević is located only 10 kilometers from the capital of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sarajevo, and connected by the local asphalt road.